Numbers always tell the whole story. The same applies to the increasing adoption of cars equipped with automatic transmissions by car buyers in India. According to auditing and consulting firm Deloitte, the share of the automatics in the passenger vehicles segment in the country was less than five per cent about three years ago. Today, that share has risen to about 10 to 12 per cent. That share is estimated to further rise to almost 40 per cent in the next five years.
The reasons for the popularity of automatic transmission cars are not hard to find. Simply put, they are convenient and hassle-free to drive – and that is a big thing in our cities that see a lot of bumper-to-bumper traffic. Several companies in India offer automatic transmission cars, but when it comes to cars equipped with automatic transmissions in India, the leader is Maruti Suzuki. It has sold over five lakh automatic cars since 2014 , and the range of technologies it uses includes Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT), AT, Auto Gear Shift (AGS), and Torque Converter (AT).
Let’s understand these automatic transmissions one by one: -
AGS: Developed by Maruti Suzuki, the Auto Gear Shift (AGS) technology is a simple yet highly effective automatic transmission technology. AGS has an Intelligent Shift Control Actuator which handles clutch and shift operations. AGS combines this actuator and the transmission electronic controller unit and directly mounts them in the transmission in order to unify the working components. This helps achieve optimum and synchronized control over the clutch, shifting and the engine, which translates into smooth gear changes.
Cars equipped with AGS transmission technology are rated to be as fuel-efficient as manual cars. The transmission itself, since it contains fewer parts, is easy to maintain in the long run. Maruti Suzuki cars equipped with AGS transmission include Alto K10, Celerio, Celerio X, WagonR, Ignis, Swift, Dzire, and Vitara Brezza.
CVT: At the heart of Continuously Variable transmission technology is a pulley system which features two pulleys of variable diameters that are connected by a belt or chain. The transmission is operated by a Transmission Electronic Controller Unit to arrive at optimum multiple speed ratios. CVT lets a car’s engine run at the most optimum RPM for any given speed. This translates into optimum fuel efficiency as well as very great driveability. Within the Maruti Suzuki lineup, it is the Baleno by NEXA that comes equipped with CVT.
AT: Maruti Suzuki’s AT technology involves an automatic transmission in which gear selection is done through a torque converter unit that is controlled by the car’s ECU. The gear selection is made depending on the load and the speed of the vehicle. Maruti Suzuki cars equipped with AT include the new XL6, Ertiga and the Ciaz.
Planning to buy an automatic car from Maruti Suzuki? Know more about their automatic transmission technologies on the official website.