16 cars, SUVs being killed off by RDE norms before April 2023

    Upgrading to meet the Real Driving Emissions norms is proving expensive or unviable for the following vehicles.

    Published On Dec 15, 2022 11:18:00 AM

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    Cars that will get killed by RDE emission norms
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    Come April 2023, the Indian Auto Industry will be met by a new set of emission regulations, called RDE or Real Driving Emissions norms. RDE can also be understood as Phase 2 of the BS6 emission norms, which will require all cars to achieve emission targets in real-world conditions, apart from also being tested in a laboratory environment on the MIDC (Modified Indian Test Cycle).

    What makes Real Driving Emission (RDE) norms different?

    RDE test figures provide a more realistic indication of the amount of emissions likely to be produced by cars, because they are tested in real traffic conditions with frequent changes in speed, acceleration and deceleration, as opposed to more steady conditions in lab tests. To comply with the stricter RDE norms, carmakers will have to upgrade their engines, which involves huge costs and may not be economically viable.

    In that case, carmakers will have no choice but to discontinue certain models altogether, or at least specific variants of some models that make little business case for themselves. But before we get into what makes it economically unviable, here’s a quick look at all cars and SUVs that’ll no longer be available to buy from April 2023.

    Cars that will be discontinued due to tougher RDE norms
    MAKEMODEL
    Hyundaii20 diesel
    HyundaiVerna diesel
    MahindraMarazzo
    MahindraAlturas G4
    MahindraKUV100
    SkodaOctavia
    SkodaSuperb
    RenaultKwid 800
    NissanKicks
    Maruti SuzukiAlto 800
    ToyotaInnova Crysta petrol
    HondaCity 4th gen
    HondaCity 5th gen diesel
    HondaAmaze diesel
    HondaJazz
    HondaWR-V

    Diesel engines are expensive to upgrade to RDE norms

    The case for not upgrading certain diesel engines to meet the RDE norms is twofold. First is that all diesel engines will have to shift to the more expensive SCR (selective catalytic reduction) method of emissions control, instead of the simpler and more cost-effective LNT (Lean NOx Trap) system that was employed by smaller capacity diesel mills to meet the current emissions standards.

    Larger diesel engines, generally 2.0-litres and above, had already made the shift to the SCR system to meet the BS6 emission norms in 2020, and therefore are likely to clear the RDE norms as well. Meanwhile, smaller diesel units will now also have to go down the expensive SCR route. However, the cost of upgradation for compact diesel cars with smaller engines would be too high, relative to their sticker price. And that brings us to our second point.

    The demand for diesel in the hatchback and sedan segments has massively declined over the last few years. Even a few years ago, every premium hatchback and compact sedan had at least one diesel variant on offer. But now, for instance, diesel only contributes up to 10 percent of the i20’s sales while for Honda, diesel variants of the Amaze, City and WR-V combined make up for only 7 percent of the company’s total sales in India.

    Clearly, there isn’t much financial viability in keeping diesel alive in a segment that is now predominantly petrol. This, therefore, spells the complete end of Honda’s diesel engines in India. However, it is interesting to note that Hyundai, along with Mahindra and Kia, will keep their small-capacity 1.5-litre diesel mills alive, but only for use in their SUV and MPV line-up. That’s because diesels still make up for a fair chunk of sales in SUVs, and being pricier than hatchbacks and compact sedans, they will be better able to justify the price delta that’ll come with the upgradation.

    Also See: New sedans, hatchbacks coming to India in 2023

    Other models at the end of their life cycle

    While not as expensive a process as diesel, petrol engines will also require an upgrade. Therefore, It’s not just certain diesel models that have been affected, but carmakers will also be pulling the plug on several petrol-only models. This includes the likes of the Honda Jazz, Nissan Kicks, the fourth-generation City, the Innova Crysta petrol and even the likes of the Skoda Octavia and Superb sedans.

    These particular models were either at the end of their lifecycle or were too slow-selling to justify the cost of upgrading to meet the RDE norms. Models such as the Kicks, KUV100 NXT WR-V and Marazzo barely sold a few hundred units on a monthly basis, while others like the City Gen-4 and Jazz were well past their lifecycle and, with no updates in the pipeline, are being discontinued for good. Lastly, for models like the Alto 800 and Kwid 800, it's about consolidating the line-up to the 1.0-litre engine rather than keeping a low-demand 800cc engine alive that isn't used by any of their other models. 

    Also See:

    New car, SUV prices to be hiked from January 2023

    Maruti Suzuki Cars

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    Comments

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    Richu Nelson - 551 days ago

    What about the cars that were launched in 2022, does their engine already falls under the new emission norms? For example Suzuki new K15C engine, will they undergo change aswell.

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